As someone who is new to street photography and photography my knowledge of the masters of street photography is extremely limited. I don’t own any books yet partly because I have spent all my money on equipment and partly because I live in a foreign country where it is not so easy to obtain them in my native language. Therefore all the information I have is what I have learnt from the internet and watching You Tube documentaries.
A Brief History
He was born into a wealthy family and this gave him opportunities that weren’t available to most during his younger days. He was able to travel the world and was one of the first (if not the first) to use a Leica 35mm Rangefinder camera. The Leica, being small and compact, enabled him to work inconspicuously which was his preferred method. This enabled him to “fix eternity in an instant”. The ability to travel and obtaining the Leica helped Cartier Bresson change the shape of photo journalism and street photography as we know it today.
Prior to, during and after his time as a photographer Cartier Bresson was also a painter. He studied art at a private art school and the Lhote Academy. This, along with a natural eye for seeing things others would miss, was undoubtedly where his attention to detail and composition came from. If you want to learn about composition in street photography then, in my opinion, there is no better place to start than the work of Henri Cartier Bresson, which is what I am trying to do.
Cartier Bresson’s first published work as a photo journalist came in 1937 when he covered the coronation of King George VI. He took no photos of the king and concentrated purely on the crowd.
He served in the French army during World War II in the photo and video unit, was captured and held prisoner of war for almost three years. He eventually escaped at the third attempt.
After the war, in 1947, along with Robert Capa and others he became a founder member of the “Magnum Photo Agency” which is probably the best known and most exclusive photo agency in the world.
When people think of Henri Cartier Bresson the words “Decisive Moment” automatically come to mind. This was the English title of his book published in 1952. The title was invented by the publishers and not Cartier Bresson himself. Cartier Bresson said of photography,
“To me, photography is the simultaneous recognition, in a fraction of a second, of the significance of an event as well as of a precise organization of forms which give that event its proper expression”.
I think this phrase sums up street photography in one sentence. It is what we all strive to achieve. Henri Cartier Bresson died in 2004 but his legacy remains with us and will do forever.
We can all learn a great deal from the masters of street photography from the past. The likes of Henri Cartier Bresson, Garry Winogrand and Vivian Maier to name just a few. However there are a couple of points that I think we should take into account.
- It’s easy to forget that these people were not perfect. They didn’t get it right every time. During their times as photographers they have each shot hundreds of thousands (and in some cases millions) of photos. But how many of those photos do we see? How many were never developed or discarded? I don’t mean these things in a detrimental way to the photographers at all. It’s just a point worth making because I think that it’s easily forgotten. We don’t get to see the contact sheets or negatives. We see the chosen finished products and published photos. What I’m trying to say is that we should all take heart from the fact even with the best of the best, only a small fraction of their work is considered good enough to print and publish.
- While we can and should be learning from these people we should also be developing our own styles, technique etc. I, as much as anyone, love to capture a photo that has a timeless feel to it, with a bit of nostalgia. But we need to remember that most of us are not able to travel the world following our passion for photography. Most of us don’t live in New York, Chicago, Paris etc. Iconic places of street photography. So make the most of what is around you. Capture life as it is today. The street photographers and photo journalists of today are creating the nostalgia for 40-50 years time.